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Workshop Title
Interpreting Colour in Light and Shadow
  • Beginner
  • Intermediate
  • Advanced
... Other medium:
Subject / Focus
Colour in Light and Shadow
Class Description
This in-house workshop is best suited for the experienced beginner, intermediate and advanced painters.
The workshop focuses on how light and shadow affects chroma. Sam will discuss the importance of developing your observational skills to read and interpret colour in varying light. Editing the composition will also be discussed and tips on using various tools and techniques. Artists can use their preferred medium.

Image will be provided by the instructor. However, students are expected to bring their own printed copies or work from tablets or devices. More experienced artists can use their own images if they prefer.

Demo will be painted in acrylic. Constructive criticism, encouragement and puns are also included.
About the Artist
Sam Paonessa AOCA, OSA is a graduate from the Ontario College of Art in Toronto. His career as a professional artist spanned over 30 years with Hallmark Cards.

During that period Sam traveled and painted plein air landscapes in North America, Italy and Morocco. As an active member of the Ontario Society of Artists he has been sharing his valuable experience gaining recognition as an accomplished painting workshop instructor for numerous art groups across Ontario.
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Supplies Students Should Bring:

Paint / art media
NOTE: If you have Acrylic or Oil materials/tools already, please bring what you have. It is not compulsory to have every item on the list. The list includes tools that Sam uses.

Colour palette of Artist quality Acrylics or Oils(Golden, Winsor & Newton Artist Colours, Liquitex Artist Colours, Gamblin or Holbein (*Note that some colours are recommended to get large tubes if possible for convenience.)

- Titanium White
- Cadmium Yellow Light or Hansa Yellow
- Cadmium Yellow Medium
- Alizarin Crimson or Cad. Red Deep
- Cadmium Red Medium
- Ultramarine Blue
- Thalo Blue – Phthalocyanine Blue)
- Quinacridone Magenta or Medium Magenta
- Dioxazine Purple (*Optional but helpful)
- Phthalo Green or Viridian Green
- Permanent Green or Green Light (*Optional but helpful)
- Sap Green (find a Sap Green with a strong value)
- Paynes Gray or Ivory Black

**Very Helpful to Have Following Colours but can be mixed:
- Cadmium Orange or other Yellow Orange
- Raw Umber (**Optional but helpful)
- Transparent Red Oxide (**Optional but helpful)
- Yellow Ochre (**Optional but helpful)

Mediums: For Acrylic and Oil Painters (Golden or Liquitex are quality brands that Sam uses)

*Oil paint on these products can be used after dry!

- Gesso, small tub (Liquitex or Golden or whatever you may already have)
- Matte Medium (Liquitex or Golden is what I use)

– GAMBLIN non toxic Safflower Gel Medium in a tube
- Galkyd (Fast Drying Medium) or Liquin Light Medium by Winsor Newton
Art Surface / Support
- Canvas, Birch or Masonite Panels
- 1:2 ratio panoramic shape 10 X20 0r 12 X 24
- 1:2 ratio cradled panels or boards are recommended when using a brayer

**Sam recommends preparing your surfaces with a pale neutral underpainting. Have a few cool and warm tinted surfaces to save time and you can choose which surface will be suitable for the exercise.**
Supplies and Tools
Brushes and Other Tools (Synthetic and/or natural hair brushes):
*Basically if you have a variety of small medium and large sizes of brushes you will be fine.
- Filberts: 3,4,8,10 (Even Larger if budget allows)
- Flats: #3,#6 , # 8 # 12 (Soft hair/synthetic) 1“ width is useful
- Rounds: #1, #2, #4 (soft hair synthetic or sable)
- 1–2 inch wide house painting brush (or even wider for applying tints) / Can purchase at Dollar Store or Canadian Tire

- Princeton Catalyst White Silicone Mini-blade #4
- Hand Held shaper No. 6

- Brayer: 2 or 3” or wider or both(is a roller used mostly in print making or lino block printing)

- Disposable Palette 9 X 12 or larger

** For those who want excellent quality brushes and still affordable price range look at Rosemary Brushes from the UK
This set of 7 brushes (Ivory Set) is approximately $110 CDN and well worth it. Suitable for both Oils and acrylics.
Reference materials
- Reference photo will be supplied prior to the start of the workshop by the instructor.
- Please PRINT and BRING TO THE WORKSHOP or save to a device for your reference during workshop.
- Mixed media sketchbook (XL Canson) 9”x12”
- Pencils or Watercolour Pencils gray, black, brown for sketching (Eraser, sharpener)
- Apron
- Green painters tape (hardware store)
- Nitrile or Latex gloves if desired
- Artist’s Soap (Baby Oil Or Murphy’s Oil Soap for oil painters) for cleaning brushes

Materials Instructor Will Bring:

Materials the instructor will provide
- Reference Photo

Workshop Outline: Complete: All-4 Class Series, 1 only-Single Session, 1 & 2 - Saturday OR Full Day

Session 1
- There will be an overview of the image and discuss the approach to building an underpainting
using texture. The process of interpreting the reference and breaking down the image to simple
forms and values.
- Present key points about colour specifically, relating to value, chroma and temperature.
- Characteristics about colour relating to light and shadow.
- Choosing under paint colours, tinting versus white base, using warm or cool or both.
Questions can be asked at this time.
- The focus will be on the process of interpreting the reference and breaking down the image to simple forms and values.
- Colour, texture and value will also be discussed and how certain tools can create effective qualities of texture.
- Demo will be done explaining techniques such as underpainting strategy as demonstrated by the instructor.
Session 2
- Students may show their work later in the workshop for creative criticism.

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